ROV Accident Reconstruction

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During 2008, the Recreational Off-Highway Vehicle Association (ROHVA) with the assistance of the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) began writing the first standard for Recreational Off-Highway Vehicles (ROVs). This standard was completed and published in 2010 as the ANSI/ROHVA 1-2010 standard. According to this standard, an Recreational Off-Highway Vehicle (ROV) is a motorized off-highway vehicle designed to travel on four tires and is intended by the manufacturer primarily for recreational use by one or more persons and has the following characteristics:

  • A steering wheel for steering control
  • Has a bench seat
  • Maximum speed capability greater than 35 mph
  • Gross vehicle weight rating GVWR of no greater than 3750 lbs
  • Less than 80 inches in overall width, not including accessories
  • An engine displacement equal to or less than 1000 cc’s
  • Identification by means of a 17 character VIN


ROV’s have one or more bench seats and can carry a driver and multiple passengers. The ROV is entered and sat in by an operator and/or passengers similarly to a car without doors. The ROV is controlled utilizing a steering wheel for steering, foot pedals for the throttle and brake and a hand operated gear shifter to change the transmission gears.


We provide the following forensic engineering services for ROV accidents:

  • ROV Accident Reconstruction
  • Preimpact and Postimpact Velocities
  • Delta-V Calculations
  • Vehicle Principle Direction of Force (PDOF) Calculations
  • Vehicle Energy Calculations
  • Acceleration, Distance, Time Calculations
  • Road/Tire Coefficient of Friction/Drag Factor Measurement and Calculations
  • Angular Momentum, Rotational Energy and Rotational Motion Calculations
  • Critical Velocity and Yaw Calculations
  • Vehicle Falls, Flips and Vault Airborne Calculations
  • Vehicle Rollover Analysis and Calculations
  • Vehicle Dynamic Weight Shift Calculations
  • Vehicle Low Velocity Rear-End Collisions Analysis and Calculations
  • Vehicle Trajectory
  • Cause Analysis
  • Human Factors
  • Vehicle Inspections For Defects and Non-Conformance
  • Product Defect and Failure Analysis
  • Catastrophic Component Failure Determination
  • ATV Safety
  • Standard of Care